The “techno-cerebral subject”, a bio-technical form of the cyborg – action theory #cyborgactiontheory

The human as techno-cerebrally operating form – this study shows the adaptation of human and machine in neuroscience and describes the acting of a cyborg.9783837634754_720x720
The neuroscientific studies I analyzed, were concerned with the restoration of cerebral processes by neurofeedback (via Brain-Machine Interface), with which stroke patients had to regulate their brainwaves and thereby to control an orthotic device opening and closing their paralyzed hand. I showed that human-machine adaptation in this context can be divided into three phases of the socio-bio-technical synchronization process. A detailed description on the micro level of the interaction between the organic and inorganic as an ensemble was conceptualized as “techno-cerebral subject”, a bio-technical form of the cyborg. Constituting the human and machine symbiosis as techno-cerebral subject this does not entail an irreversible amalgamation between the organic and inorganic into an entirely new being. On the contrary, it is my understanding that if something or someone can be understood as a cyborg, his or her control and regulation must be achieved in a programmable circular process in which the organic and inorganic parts interact. If actions are based on the circularity of the biological and the technical aspect, then one can also speak of an “acting cyborg”.

 

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STS Turkey Kuruluş Toplantısı, 3-4 Ekim, Orient-Institut Istanbul

STS-InvitationTürkiye’de Bilim ve Teknoloji Çalışmaları ile ilgilenen araştırmacıların birbirleriyle tanışması ve bir araştırmacı ağı kurmak üzere 3-4 Ekim 2017 tarihinde Orient-Institut İstanbul’da gerçekleştireceğimiz STS TURKEY Kuruluş Toplantısında sizi de aramızda görmekten memnuniyet duyarız.

Etkinliğimiz Orient-Institut Istanbul ve European Association for the Study of Science and Technology tarafından desteklenmektedir.

Katılım durumunuzu 25 Eylül’e kadar info@ststurkey.net adresine bildirmenizi bekliyoruz. İstanbul dışından gelecek katılımcılarımız, seyahat desteği için bizimle temasa geçebilirler.

Saygılarımızla,

STS TURKEY

E-posta: info@ststurkey.net
Web: http://www.ststurkey.net
Üyelik için: http://www.ststurkey.net/tr/katilin
Twitter: @STS_TURKEY

STS TURKEY Toplantı programı
3 Ekim 2017
10:30 Açılış
Açılış konuşmaları
Arsev Umur Aydınoğlu, Ph.D. (Tasarım Fabrikası, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi)
Yrd. Doç. Dr. Harun Kaygan (Endüstri Ürünleri Tasarımı, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi)
Dr. Melike Şahinol (Orient-Institut Istanbul, İnsan, Tıp ve Toplum Araştırma Alanı Sorumlusu)
Prof. Dr. Raoul Motika, Direktör, Orient-Institut Istanbul

11.00 Tanışma
12.30 Yemek
13.30 Sunumlar I
Prof. Dr. Melek Dosay Gökdoğan (Ankara Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Bilim ve Toplum Çalışmaları Anabilim Dalı Başkanı)
“Ankara Üniversitesi’nde Bilim ve Toplum Çalışmaları”

Prof. Dr. Aydan Turanlı  (İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Bilim Teknoloji ve Toplum Program Koordinatörü)
“İTÜ’de STS Yüksek Lisans Programı”

Prof. Dr. Yeşim Işıl Ülman (Acıbadem Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Tıp Tarihi ve Etik Anabilim Dalı Başkanı)
“Tarih, Etik, Bilim; Neler Çalışıyoruz, Saha Ne istiyor, Neler Yapabiliriz?”

Prof. Dr. Feza Günergun (İstanbul Üniversitesi, Edebiyat Fakültesi, Bilim Tarihi Bölüm Başkanı)
“İstanbul Üniversitesi Bilim Tarihi Bölümünün Araştırma Ekibi, Konuları ve Etkinlikleri”

14.15 Görüş ve değerlendirmeler
14.30 Kahve molası
14.45 Sunumlar II
Doç. Dr. Rainer Brömer (İstanbul Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıp Tarihi ve Etik Anabilim Dalı)
“Türkiye’de Bilim Tarihi ve Bilim Çalışmaları”

Doç. Dr. Hakan Ertin (İstanbul Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Tıp Tarihi ve Etik Anabilim Dalı, Beşikçizade Tıp ve İnsani Bilimler Merkezi, BETİM genel sekreteri)
“Türk tıp eğitiminde insanı bilimler(‘e direnç) ve BETİM”

Prof. Dr. Yücel Sayman (İstanbul Medipol Üniversitesi)
“Bilim ve Teknoloji Gelişimler Karşısında Hukuk”

Dr. Melike Şahinol (Orient-Institut Istanbul, İnsan, Tıp ve Toplum Araştırma Alanı Sorumlusu)
“İnsan, Tıp ve Toplum Alan çalışmaları”

15.30 Görüş ve değerlendirmeler
16.00 Kahve molası
16.15 Forum: STS TURKEY’in geleceği
18.00
Kapanış

4 Ekim
10:00 Açılış: Kahve ve kurabiye get together
Çalıştaylar
Opsiyon 1: Konu başlıklı toplantılar (Tıp, Siyaset, Tarih, Teknoloji)
Opsiyon 2: Türkiye STS hakkında “white paper” yazımı
Opsiyon 3: STS TURKEY Geleceği? Kaynaklar, fonlar vb.

12.30 STS TURKEY Toplantı Kapanışı

19:00 Human Enhancement / İnsan Geliştirme sunumlarına davetlisiniz.

Sunumlar Orient-Institut Istanbul’da düzenlenmiş olan “Doğayı Yeniden Şekillendirmek, İnsan Hayatı Geliştirmek mi? Tıp, Bilim ve Teknoloji Hayatımızı Nasıl Biçimlendirir konferans serisinin parçasıdır.

Check it out: “Human, Medicine, and Society” Research at the Orient-Institut Istanbul

Human, Medicine and Society at the Orient-Institut Istanbul

New types of medical innovations enable previously unknown interventions into the nature of man. Culturally different interpretations and modes of behavior affect the handling of these fundamentally new challenges for society, culture, law, and politics. Genome editing, eugenics programs, modern reproductive technologies, and health apps that analyze our fitness and health data everyday are just some examples of Science, Technology, and Medicine changing various dimensions of individual and social life. As a result of these dynamic changes, questions arise as to how these developments shape socio-technical, socio-cultural, and socio-political processes. For a young and dynamic society like Turkey, these questions are particularly explosive. Dealing with them is thus of particular importance. On May 15, 2015, we launched the new research field “Human, Medicine, and Society”. It will focus mainly on the way society in Turkey deals with practices of Human Enhancement through medical innovations and thus understanding the developments in science, technology, and medicine in relation to their social contexts. With this research field, the Orient-Institut Istanbul broke new ground in Turkey, treating for the first time the current challenges of biotechnology, neurosciences, nano- and information technologies in the medical field. Central to the development of this research field is the close cooperation with the leading German scientific institution in this field, the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) at the Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT). For this purpose, a cooperation agreement has been signed. To officially kick off the partnership, a ceremony took place at ITAS on Monday, December 7, 2015. As the research field “Human, Medicine, and Society” is currently still in development, you can find a few details of several (planned) individual projects on this website.

4.10.2017, 19h: İnsan Geliştirme sunum programı / Vorträge zum Thema Human Enhancement, Orient-Institut Istanbul

İnsan Geliştirme: İnsanın Doğasını Değiştirmenin Toplumsal Sonuçları
Human Enhancement: Die gesellschaftlichen Folgen der Manipulation des Menschen

4 Ekim 2017, saat 7, Orient-Institut İstanbul, Moralı Apt.
4. Oktober 2017, 19h, Orient-Institut Istanbul, Moralı Apt.
Konuşmacılar / Vortragende:
Prof. Dr. Armin Grunwald
(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse)
Verbesserung des Menschen – ein Angriff auf die Natur des Menschen?
İnsan Geliştirme – İnsanın Doğasına bir Saldırı?

Prof. Dr. Hakan Hakeri
(Istanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, Hukuk Fakültesi)
İnsan Geliştirme: Türkiye’de Hukuki Tartışmalar
Verbesserung des Menschen – Rechtliche Diskussionen in der Türkei

Simultane çeviri vardır (Almanca / Türkçe).
Es erfolgt eine Simultanübersetzung Deutsch/Türkisch.

Tartışmacı / Diskutantin: Dr. Melike Şahinol

 

Orient-Institut Istanbul,
Kumrulu Sok. 38, Moralı Apt.
34433 Cihangir – İstanbul
Tel: +90 – 212 – 293 60 67 / 252 19 83
Email: oiist@oidmg.org
web: http://www.oiist.org

 

#necs2017 Panel “Changing sensory regimes and emergent corpo-realities” (01 July 2017)

MEDIA AND PARTICIPATION

Reflections on dis-/abling practices

We are very happy to announce this exciting panel with the following speakers: David Parisi (Charleston) and Jason Archer (Chicago), Melike Sahinol (Istanbul), Denisa Butnaru (Freiburg) and Andreas Henze (Siegen). Convenor: Robert Stock (Konstanz).

Please come join us on July 1, 2017, 13.00-14.45 / J, Université Sorbonne Nouvelle. (Notice the schedule update!)

Have a look at the definitive programme on the NECS-homepage.

ABSTRACT: This panel will analyze changing sensory regimes and emergent corpo-realities by looking at dis-/abling practices and exploring relevant examples within contemporary contexts of digital media or medial dispositives developed in medical sciences and robotics. According to Schillmeier, who analyzes blind money practices, the notion of “(visual) disability refers to complex sets of heterogeneous practices that (re)associate bodies, material objects, and technologies with sensory and other practices.” (2007: 197) Relations between biotechnologies (i.e. neuro-prostheses) and bodies provide the basis for new sensory practices…

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19.4.: Medical Humanities Discussing Bodily Enhancement (Rainer Brömer, Istanbul University Medical Faculty)

Medical Humanities Discussing Bodily Enhancement
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rainer Brömer, Istanbul University Medical Faculty, Dept. for History of Medicine and Ethics

date: Wednesday, 19 April, 7PM UTC+02
location: Orient-Institut Istanbul, Susam Sok. 16, D. 8, Cihangir-Istanbul
We encourage you to share this invitation with people you know who may be interested in attending this event. There is no registration or conference fee

Enhancement has become a multidisciplinary topic par excellence, being discussed academically by physicians and natural scientists as well as ethicists, social, cultural and political scientists, and literary scholars and many more. What is the most suitable approach for society as a whole to make sense of the promises, chances, and possible threats of ever deeper techno-medical intervention into the human body?

Medical Humanities try to bridge the gap between the natural and human sciences of medicine and the humanity of medical practice. Questions of meaning (culture) and values (ethics) related to biomedical developments can be usefully addressed in this field where the exact, numeric sciences merge with the creative imagination of the arts, reflecting and anticipating potential human experiences in a world that may look fairly different from the conditions the human species has evolved in over the millennia. Maybe a good SciFi can achieve more than some academic textbook?

BrömerInvitation

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rainer Brömer studied biology, philosophy, and history of science in Germany and Italy and has been working in medical humanities in England and in history of medicine and ethics in Germany and Turkey. His research area includes the attitude to the human body in anatomy in the Ottoman Empire, while in the realm of ethics, he has increasingly become interested in the meaning of permanently modifying the biological frame of human beings. As a lapsed biologist, he does not share the enthusiasm of certain philosophers who are postulating for themselves a life expectancy of centuries, though biotechnological change seems inevitable.

Conceptions of Contagious Diseases among Early Modern Ottomans (Sara Nur Yıldız), Wednesday, 12 April, 7PM, OII

How did Ottoman physicians conceive of epidemic diseases and pestilence and their relationship to contagion? This talk addresses this question through the examination of a medical text composed by Mehmed IV’s (r. 1648-1687) head physician, Ḥayātīzāde Muṣṭafā Feyżī the Elder (d. 1692), or Moshe ben Raphael Abravanel, as he was known before he converted to Islam in the late 1660s. This work, el-Risāʾilü’l-Müşfiye li’l-emrāżı’l-müşkile, commonly known as the Quintet of Five Diseases discusses five “epidemic” diseases in the seventeenth century: syphilis, plica, the plague, and two kinds of melancholy. Trained as a physican in Padua, Italy, Ḥayātīzāde claims to present new information not found in the classical Islamic/Ottoman medical corpus. The Quintet of Five Diseases exemplifies how medical knowledge and conceptions of disease and contagion traveled across linguistic, state and religious borders in the early modern Mediterranean world.

About Dr. Sara Nur Yıldız: Currently a Koç University ANAMED Senior Fellow, Dr. Yıldız is a historian of the political, cultural, religious and intellectual life of late medieval Anatolia of the Seljuk, Mongol and Ottoman periods. She received her PhD from the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, University of Chicago (2006). Her current research focuses on the Seljuks of Anatolia, as well as Islamization, textual production and the transfer of knowledge, and Islamic/Ottoman medical textual traditions. She has served as assistant professor at Istanbul Bilgi University (2003-2010), researcher at the Orient-Institut Istanbul (2011-2016), and research fellow on the European Research Council Project entitled “The Islamisation of Anatolia, c. 1100-1500,” based at the School of History, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK (2013-2016).

date: Wednesday, 12 April, 7PM UTC+02
location: Orient-Institut Istanbul, Susam Sok. 16, D. 8, Cihangir-Istanbul
We encourage you to share this invitation with people you know who may be interested in attending this event. There is no registration or conference fee

 

saranuryildiz

20.03.2017, Orient-Institut Istanbul: Sunum İptali, Cancelled Talk, Vortrag fällt aus

20 Mayıs  2017 sunumu “Yardımcı üreme tekniklerinin sosyokültürel etkileri (Prof. Dr. Ramazan Mercan)” elimizde olmayan sebeplerden dolayı iptal edilmiştir.

20 March 2017 talk “Yardımcı üreme tekniklerinin sosyokültürel etkileri (Prof. Dr. Ramazan Mercan)” is cancelled due to given circumstances.

20. März 2017 Vortrag “Yardımcı üreme tekniklerinin sosyokültürel etkileri (Prof. Dr. Ramazan Mercan)” fällt aus gegebenem Anlass aus.